One of the BA unique exhibitions, the Arab-Muslim Medieval Instruments of Astronomy and Science Exhibition highlights the priceless contributions of the Arabs to science in general, and astronomy in particular. It comprises numerous replicas of original sundials, astrolabes, compasses, sand and water clocks, in addition to globes with chiseled presentations of celestial constellations.

The Star Riders exhibition is carefully designed to present a portion of the contribution of medieval Arab scientists who were often, at the same time, skilled craftsmen.

The idea of reviving the contribution of the Arab Civilization to Science was originally initiated by professor Fuat Sezgin, Director of the Institute for the History of the Arab-Islamic Sciences, Frankfurt, who made the first attempt in researching, documenting and reproducing old Arab civilization instruments, through studying the old manuscripts and reconstructing the instruments from the information available.